Geography

General Information
Geography
History
Culture
Political System
Economics
Activities
Teacher's Page



Population
13,363,600


Location

Ecuador is located on the Northwestern coast of South America, and is divided by the Equator which is the reason for the country's name. The Andes Mountains run through Ecuador as well. The country is divided into four different regions. In the Costa region, or coastal plains, enough bananas are grown to make Ecuador the largest exporter of bananas. (National Geographic) The Sierra region is also known as the Andean uplands, and the Oriente includes the jungles east of the Andes. The Galapagos Islands make up the fourth region, and are a major tourist attraction (Ecuador Facts, Ecuador Flag, n.d.).



map_ecuador.gif
Location of Ecuador





Topography
mtchimborazo.jpg
Mt. Chimborazo




  • Ecuador's highest point is Mt. Chimborazo. It reaches a height of 20,561 feet. external image dotclear.gif

  • Its lowest point is at the Pacific coastline.

  • If elevation were measured from the center of the Earth the the highest peak, Mt. Chimborazo would be the highest point on Earth, not Mt. Everest!


The Galapagos Islands are a major tourist attraction located just off the coast of Ecuador.

galapagos_wideweb__470x330,0.jpg
Galapagos

galapagos_islands.jpg
The Galapagos Islands


Information found at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html


Surrounding Countries

Colombia and Peru

Maps
ecuadorphysicalmap.jpg
Physical Map of Ecuador


Ecuador-Political-Map.JPG
Ecuador Political Map



These maps show the physical topography of Ecuador (left) and the political divisions of the country (right).


















Natural Resources
Petroleum, Fish, Timber, Hydro-power


Climate
The temperatures in the different regions of Ecuador remain relatively the same throughout the year because of its location on the Equator.
  • La Costa usually experiences warm weather, with temperatures averaging 25 Celsius. The rainy season is from December to May (Climate in Ecuador, n.d.).
  • La Sierra has a much cooler climate, and temperatures vary with altitude. The average summer temperature in Quito Ecuador is about 16 Celsius (Climate in Ecuador, n.d.).
  • El Oriente has a humid and rainy climate. The average daytime temperatures are around 25 Celcius. The dry season is usually from November to February (Climate in Ecuador, n.d.).
  • The Galapagos Islands have a warm and relatively dry climate year round, with temperatures averaging 27 Celsius (Climate in Ecuador, n.d.).